PowerFilm Solar Inc

How To Solar Power Your Ham Radio

Posted on 10/06/2020 at 09:48 AM by Julian White

How To Solar Power Your Ham Radio Blog Post Title Graphic

In today’s post, PowerFilm Ambassador Julian White explores the role power plays in portable communications looking at the different aspects of a portable ham radio setup.

 

Benefits of solar for portable ham radio operations
 

Traditionally, operators deploying with lead-acid batteries would carry “enough” battery storage to last them the day. Unfortunately, there wasn’t a man-portable way to recharge that pack in the field if there was a greater demand for their energy supply. 

 

Lightweight thin-film solar panels allow the operator to choose smaller batteries, reducing his/her weight without reducing operating time. 

 

With lithium technologies and thin-film panels, we start the deployment with a full battery pack. The solar panel’s job is to keep the battery topped up. We go back to using our battery storage during darkness, augmenting our solar panels when there’s no sun.

 

Before we dig into the different aspects of a portable solar solution for ham radio, it’s vital to understand our power budget clearly. A well thought out power budget informs the batteries we take and the solar panel we select.

 

Developing your power budget

 

How much power you use is variable depending on how often you transmit vs. receive.

  • This number can be determined using an inline amp meter. Measure for a day how much power you are consuming. Remember to consider what kind of communicating you are doing (narrowband/wideband).

 

Know what the weather will be like when you are in the field. 

  • Weather plays a critical role in our remote power solution. Look for past statistics on weather in a given area and analyze short term weather data.

 

Understand your operating environment. 

  • Your operating environment will dictate what kind of solar panels you need to take with you.

 

Here is a video discussing when to choose a foldable solar panel versus a rollable solar panel.

 

Parts of a total power solution for field communication

 

Radio
 

The radio is the heart of the system but not the only thing we need to power. In many cases, we have lights, tablets, mobile phones, or other gear that supports the station. These items are also included in our overall power strategy. I created a video called “How to Ham radio Off Grid,” which may give a better understanding of choosing a radio, estimating power requirements, how much power to run, powering the stations, etc.

 

 

Battery
 

Battery storage has traditionally been AGM or deep cycle batteries. Today it is more common to find lightweight Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries used for field applications. Their higher energy density and lower weight make them an attractive choice for deployments with weight and space limitations.
 

Battery storage can be built or purchased ready to use. To maximize flexibility, I make LiFePO4 batteries that I use in field-deployed battery storage systems.
OH8STN Lithium Iron Phosphate LiFePO4 Battery projects.

 

Buddipole PowerMini Charge Controller and PowerFilm Foldable Solar Panel

Charge controller
 

Charge controllers are the first line of defense for battery storage. The charge controller manages power coming from our solar panels, ensuring we do not overcharge the battery. The charge controller also ensures the operator does not create an under-voltage state, which is also harmful to our battery storage system. 

 

Power distribution
 

Power distribution acts as a multi-output splitter for DC voltage coming out of battery storage. It can be integrated with the charge controller or a stand-alone piece of equipment with fuses and DC output ports to feed station equipment. DC power distribution usually has a combination of fused DC ports and USB ports for mobile devices. Power distribution is another line of defense protecting battery storage and connected gear from one another. 

 

Here is a video showing battery storage and charge controller, with integrated power distribution. There are some obvious benefits for cable management and the simplicity of the system.
 

 

Different ways to charge batteries
 

My ultimate goal is to use solar power, which almost always works well in keeping batteries topped up. The caveat is solar performance is based on having done a good solar survey of our energy deficits before deployment. In reality, there is often a back-up strategy. In my case, the back-up plan is a hand crank generator. I call it a back-up system because it is unsustainable in caloric expenditure over the long run. Some operators, teams, and organizations use small generators to charge batteries. From a communications perspective, I have found that generators create far too much interference for reliable radio operations in the field.

 

Deployment scenarios

 

There are different levels of need for portable communications deployment. From an individual perspective, we can think about a single amateur radio operator, running a QRP (low transmit power) station, activating a SOTA mountaintop for Summits On The Air. These operators' requirements are more modest and can be met by systems like the LightSaver Max.

 

This video highlights how I can use the LightSaver Max to power my QRP radio.

 

 

There are other scenarios, such as interoperability training, where large numbers of operators participate in training exercises to improve emergency response and build the core skills of operators who participate in these types of events. 

 

In recent times, teams of operators are deploying solar power and battery storage as their primary and secondary means (augmenting other sources of power) of station power. Renewable energies such as solar power are often encouraged in rapid deployment scenarios over traditional generator-driven power delivery. 

 

The benefits of lightweight solar power and battery storage make rapid deployment of disaster relief teams a reality since team equipment, and logistics can be better managed using lithium battery technologies combined with thin-film solar panels.

 

Now that we know the different parts of a portable ham radio setup and various deployment scenarios, you are ready to set up an off-grid basecamp where you can broadcast in perpetuity.

Tent in remote area with PowerFilm Foldable Solar Panel

Building an off-grid basecamp

 

This video highlights the gear I use to set up my basecamp beyond my lightweight solar panels. 

 

Basecamps maintain communications capabilities with the remote teams it services. Often a basecamp is little more than an off-grid tent city. 

 

Here again, we have an opportunity to deploy lightweight solar panels and lithium-based battery storage. We can see how large, heavy batteries and solar panels were expensive and logistically impossible to deploy from the deployment after-action reports. 

 

A basecamp doesn't need to be at the base of the Himalayan mountain range. It can be a single person set up in a remote area, first responders, or aid workers deployed after a tsunami or hurricane. In each case, communications specialists provide critical communications that wouldn’t exist without lightweight, portable power.

 

Designing and executing a portable power solution for remotely operating your ham radio is no small task. With careful planning, analysis, and the right gear, you can create a sustainable solution that will keep you operating as long as you wish.

 

I sat down with Julian to hear more about how he started using solar in the field and the lessons he learned through the years. Listen to the full interview below.

 

To connect with Julian White and learn more about operating your ham radio remotely, follow his YouTube channel.

 

To learn more about PowerFilm’s off-grid solar solutions, contact us.

 

Comments
Earl, I appreciate your thoughts and will try to make it more clear in the future. Julian has received no monetary compensation in the three years we have worked with him. He is using products that are either not available any longer, have a cosmetic flaw, etc. Thank you!
Seth Hansen | www.powerfilmsolar.com | 10/12/2020 at 12:27 PM
When referring to Julian's integrity, I was referring to the fact that he does not disclose his relationship with PowerFilm. You both should both be disclosing his compensation for promoting your products in his videos.
Earl Roberts | 10/09/2020 at 05:56 PM
Payne, Thanks so much for your comment. I couldn't agree more with your assessment of Julian. He has been an incredible resource as we engage with customers interested in using our panels to power their ham radios. I'm glad you found a system that works well for you! Take care!
Seth Hansen | www.powerfilmsolar.com | 10/07/2020 at 10:14 AM
Earl, You are most welcome. In all my interactions and dealings with Julian, I will say that he has been incredibly kind, considerate, and full of integrity. He seeks to help anyone who needs to learn more about getting their ham radio online in remote areas. Please don't hesitate to reach out if you have any additional questions!
Seth Hansen | www.powerfilmsolar.com | 10/07/2020 at 10:12 AM
Teme OH7T, Thanks so much for your comment. Please don't hesitate to reach out if you need anything at all. Take care!
Seth Hansen | www.powerfilmsolar.com | 10/07/2020 at 10:07 AM
Kevin, Thanks so much for reaching out looking for more information. If you could list your specific questions either in the comment section of this post or send me an email at shansen@powerfilmsolar.com I would be happy to help get you the information you need. Thanks again!
Seth Hansen | www.powerfilmsolar.com | 10/07/2020 at 09:56 AM
Julian, you're are always relavent, spot on, accurate, and honest. You are a treasure to the amateur radio community, especially man portable ops. My personal Ecom Ops relates primarily to power my station in event of a hurricane, and in support of communications after the event. Therefore, I focus on QTH deployable and car portable 100W and 5W QRP operations. As such I've found great value in 100W Renogy rigid monocrystaline PV panels and MorningStar PS-MPPT charge controllers for system up to 1600W for VAC and 400W for VDC. I might consider Powerfilm for in the park QRP, but a small Bioenno battery meets my needs.
Payne | 10/07/2020 at 07:30 AM
Thank you for this information, as Julian is not forthcoming in his videos about his compensation for his product reviews. I would have expected more integrity from Julian given his background.
Earl Roberts | 10/07/2020 at 07:29 AM
Some need be first to have first step in to dark. For ordinary customer many innovative products are just simple out of reach. I had followed Julian’s work years and before that done my own experiences with another brand panels. Nope, haven’t any else document my experiements than interview, some photo and happy time with hobby (what for I did produce own power). Formula to solve portable power back isn’t anyhow easy. Marketing allmighty is easy. Test, show weak and success thruly as it is - ask encourage say it loud. I am looking forward that my next carage will have solar panels, wich do produce power for e-vehicle around year here in 63 N. And also that way these doesn’t show up extraordinary boxes on wall / roof. SolarPower will be new normal.
Teme OH7T | 10/07/2020 at 02:17 AM
Would like more information re foldable solar power Panels, buddy pole system integration modules and Gensun. charge controllers.
Kevin Lehigh | 10/06/2020 at 05:09 PM
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